Last Monday and Tuesday, I attended my second high school Model UN conference at Georgia State. This conference was a little different than the last one as it was a partner conference, so I teamed up with my friend Ryan and we represented Kyrgyzstan in the General Assembly. This was the first partner conference that I attended and I really enjoyed it because having two people allows you to negotiate with more than one group at a time and overall be more efficient. We were tasked with creating solutions to three global issues, but only got around to resolving one (this usually happens). I have been enjoying Model UN so much this year and can’t wait until the next conference. Until then, here is the position paper that I wrote to familiarize myself with my country’s views on these issues.
Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyzstan)
United Nations General Assembly Plenary
Topic I: Promoting Democracy in Post-Conflict Regions
In the past few decades, democracy has become the international standard for optimal government and the cause of advancing democracy has been taken up by the United Nations to work towards democratic governance around the world, specifically in those areas affected by decolonization and conflict. Advancement of democracy has been a recognized goal of the United Nations since the passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Article 21 of the UDHR states,”
(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures,”
which can be referenced as an endorsement of democracy by the United Nations. It should be noted that the definition of democracy is not consistent between peoples due to ethnic and religious differences. The Kyrgyz Republic has consistently supported democratic principles since Kyrgyzstan declared independence. It is a major priority of the United Nations to enforce democratic reform in the LDCs, while respecting the individual states’ rights to administer democracy in the most effective way for their individual ethnic or social climate.
Topic II: Amending the Status of Stateless Persons
The recent conflicts in past decades have resulted in an overwhelming amount of stateless persons, which not only find themselves homeless, but without the protection from rights guaranteed to registered citizens of a state. According the United Nations, the universal definition of a stateless person is to define “a person who is not considered to be a national by any state under the operation of its law.” With the recent refugee crisis and the dissolving of state control in regions in South-West Asia, the number of stateless persons has skyrocketed. This presents an immense problem as stateless persons usually find themselves without access to education and are caught in the hold of poverty. As these stateless persons carry no legal identification or the abilities of basic education, they mostly find themselves unemployed which in turn causes a massive strain on social services at their destinations. This problem was initially addressed by the UDHR in Article 2 in which it stated that all persons are “entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind,” including race, nationality, sex, and age. Following the passage of this document, the cause of stateless persons has not advanced, and Kyrgyzstan sees this subject as an urgent crisis that needs to be addressed by the United Nations at once. Kyrgyzstan would look favorably upon a resolution calling for more acceptance of these stateless persons as it would be greatly beneficial to advancement of this cause.
Topic III: Addressing Security Concerns in Cyberspace
As technology and the internet evolves and reaches all around the world, we have seenan increasingly large and dangerous amount of cybersecurity threats throughout the whole globe. The increased level of technology has allowed for a large vulnerability to be revealed in many countries in the form of cyber warfare. These attacks take place through a virtual area called the cyberspace that is, unfortunately, a lot harder to regulate and control as it isn’t bound by one government.
This can be a good thing for oppressed citizens of a country that are lobbying for human rights and want to let to world know what situation they are in, but it also is very dangerous of the amount of information that is out of the web and the amount of damage that can be done if it gets hacked. Kyrgyzstan takes a strong point of view that aside from the overwhelming benefits that have come from this instant information and communication are a variety of risks that have been opened up. And there needs to be a mix of liberty and security while deciding a resolution if we want to live a peaceful and secure life. As cyber issues are becoming more relevant everyday, the creation of a sub-committee under the security council to effectively deal with these issues in detail would be looked favorably upon by Kyrgyzstan.