Recently, I was cleaning out my school binder when I found this paper I wrote a while ago about Gettysburg. I really enjoyed learning about the Civil war and the history surrounding it, so when I saw this paper I wanted to share what I have learned. Basically, I had to write about how and why Gettysburg was a turning point in the war, after I had completed a small info packet. So without further ado, here we go.
Gettysburg was an important city in the Civil war. It was the spot of a great battle between the Union and Confederacy. This battle took place just north of D.C. in a town called Gettysburg. Why was the battle of Gettysburg such an important battle for the Union in the Civil war? It was one of the most important battles of the war because first off, it took place in a vantage point north of D.C where an attack could be staged. Secondly, it increased morale and convinced people to join the Union army, and it caused severe damage to both the Union and Confederacy.
The battle of Gettysburg took place north of D.C. which was a very important spot for the south. If the south had won, they could of flanked D.C., the capital of the Union, and possibly have won the war. As you can see in document A (a map of the paths both sides took in the war), Lee’s army marched up to Gettysburg so they could have a vantage point the the Union would have to spend units to defend. This would leave lots of other Union cities free for the taking.
The battle also inspired many Union citizens to join the army and take back the South. Lincoln’s Gettysburg address reminded the people that these soldiers fought fir a cause and in honor of them, they needed to end this war and correctly reform the Union. This rose morale in the Union causing them to win the war. On the other hand, Confederate had been losing morale and thus fighting worse than they ever had before. As you can read in Lee’s letters to President Davis, the public no longer respected Lee and he wanted to resign. These changes in morale greatly affected the balance of the war.
As a result of this battle, both sides were severely damaged. The Union lost many, but the South lost more. In Lee’s letters, he explains how they lost many great generals, many whom are the leaders of Lee’s army. It does not matter how many soldiers they have, if they lose a general then part of the army can no longer function as an army, but as a cluster of men with guns. The Confederates lost a huge chunk of their army which added to the imbalance of the war.
The damages caused, morale affected, and the location where this battle took place all greatly affected the outcome of the war. Before this battle, the Confederates were on a steamroll through the states, but one thing after another and the Union beat them back. Both sides were affected in this battle, and the outcome of the battle would change the face of America for hundreds of years to come.